Gwyn was joined today by Julie Grace, a policy analyst with the Badger Institute, Kelli Thompson, the State Public Defender, ad Cecelia Klingele, an Associate Professor at UW Madison Law School. The four discuss the Badger Institute report Ex-Offenders Under Watch.
Some Important terminology from the report:
Community corrections: A catch-all term used to refer collectively to the supervision of probationers, parolees and those on extended supervision.
Extended supervision: A form of post-prison supervision imposed by the court at sentencing in all cases after 1999 in which a person is sent to prison.
Parole: A form of post-prison supervision available to people sentenced before 2000.
Probation: Considered an alternative to a sentence, probation is a term of conditional supervision that usually is imposed in lieu of a prison or jail sentence. Oddly, a term of imprisonment of up to one year may be imposed as a “condition of probation,” a practice that creates a form of post-jail supervision in some cases.
Alternative to revocation (ATR): 1) any informal sanction or programming requirement used instead of revocation; 2) a formal, short-term program provided by the Wisconsin Department of Corrections, usually in an institutional setting, to address a specifc treatment need.
Hold: A period of short-term detention, typically five days or less (though potentially as long as 15 days), that allows for investigation of an alleged violation, quick discipline or a place to wait for an open bed in an ATR program.
Revocation: The termination of community supervision. Ordinarily, revocation of extended supervision or parole results in a return to prison, while revocation of probation results in a jail or prison sentence.
Sanction: A period of custody not exceeding 90 days in length, or a program requirement, that is imposed to hold a person on supervision accountable for one or more rule violations.
All three of the show’s guests ended the podcast by saying it’s a complicated issue. Cecelia said, “Simple answers make complex problems worse.” Julie said, “This is a complicated issue…every case is unique…and Wisconsin’s prison population is growing.” Kelli said, “This report is a must read for every judge in Wisconsin.”